Aller au contenu principal

Cadre légal

Comment enregistrer une entreprise en Roumanie

Romanian business registration is the first step of starting your ventures in Romania.

Depuis 2020, le Registre du Commerce has gone through significant changes to make online service access easier, and now, all processes can be done online.

Since this step is only for people sure to register a business, we recommend you to visit the other guides, and make sure that registering is for you. And, once you're ready to open a company, follow the tutorial below to start your venture, or work with a company like Incorporé., pour enregistrer votre entreprise en Roumanie.

Please note that the below are done 100% automatically by Incorpo.ro, so you only need to provide valid proof of identity and be elligible for business registration.

Drafting of the constitutive act

The constitutive act, or the statute of the company, represents the decision of the founders to associate for the establishment and management of the company. Through it, the founders specify the regulations to which the company will be subject, give their consent to the obligations they assume, and detail information about how the company will function, as well as the contribution brought by the associates.

You can get a free model of constitutive act right from the registry website, Ici., qui peut être facilement modifié avec vos informations

Entre autres, assurez-vous que les statuts incluent les éléments suivants:

  • The structure of associates and administrators, together with their identification data:
Article 8^1 The identification data provided for in art. 7 lit. a), e), e^1) and f^1), respectively in art. 8 lit. a), g), h) and k^1) include:
a) for natural persons: surname, first name, personal numerical code and, if applicable, its equivalent, according to applicable national legislation, place and date of birth, domicile/residence and citizenship, identity card/passport, series, number, issuer, issue date, validity period;
b) for legal entities: company, headquarters, nationality, order number in the trade register and/or unique registration code, unique identifier at European level, according to the applicable national law.
  • Informations concernant le capital social, le nombre de parts sociales, leur valeur nominale, et comment elles sont distribuées aux associés.
  • La gestion de la société, les obligations des administrateurs
  • Le siège social de la société
  • Activités (selon CAEN Rev. 2) that can be carried out by the company. Here, the category of the main activity will be mentioned (which usually represents the first 3 digits of the CAEN code), the main activity (CAEN code of 4 digits, usually), as well as the secondary activities carried out by the companies. If you are not sure which CAEN codes you need, you can send us a message via chat, and we will answer you with the classification, according to the classification regulations brought by the law, completely free of charge, from the house :).
  • A clause by which the founders assume responsibility for fulfilling the conditions, according to art. 6^1 / law 31/1990, republished:
By signing the constitutive act, the founders assume responsibility for fulfilling the conditions provided for in art. 6 to found a company, a clause to this effect being provided in the constitutive act.
  • Other clauses that provide for the way in which the company's activity will be carried out, the way of codification and the structure of the company, etc.

Quels documents sont nécessaires?

For registration in the trade register, you must have the following documents at hand, which you must scan, and if necessary (if you want to register at the counter, without a qualified signature), print them. If you don't have a scanner, you can use an application like PhotoScan par Google, qui vous permet de transformer votre téléphone en un scanner portable.

  • Identity document or passport - For the identity document, it is recommended to scan both sides of the identity document.
  • A deed that gives you the right to use a space - Par exemple, un contrat de prêt, un contrat de location, un contrat de vente avec la preuve notariée du transfert de la propriété à la société, etc.
  • Preuve de vérification de la disponibilité et de la réservation de la dénomination sociale (original) - Vous pouvez le faire en ligne, sur le site du registre du commerce, ou en personne.
  • Registration application (original) - The registration application must also be completed in original at the counter or through the ONRC online platform. In principle, completing it should not cause too many difficulties.
  • Appendix regarding fiscal registration - Here, the application regarding fiscal registration will have to be submitted, which will be submitted ex officio (by ONRC) to ANAF, which will issue you a CIF code, and, as the case may be, a tax code VAT Here you will be able to choose the form of taxation (microenterprise, profit tax, etc.), as well as other information related to accounting (such as the deadline for submitting declarations).
  • Standard declaration on own responsibility regarding the fulfillment of the conditions of operation/conduct of the activity for the registered office and/or secondary offices or outside the registered office.
  • Acte constitutionnel (original) - details (Models of constitutive acts: sole partner LLC, multiple partner LLC, simple limited partnership, collective name).
  • Identity documents of founders, administrators, censors or auditors natural persons (Copie certifiée conforme par la partie).
  • (Si applicable) Déclaration sur la responsabilité personnelle du citoyen étranger in his own name or as a representative of the foreign legal entity that is not registered for tax purposes in Romania, in the original and, as the case may be, the translation made by an authorized translator .
  • (If applicable) the registration documents of the founders of legal entities - Here, the evidence on the right of representation of the foreign company will also be brought. For example, if you do not have a capacity provided by the constitutive act of the PJ company, you will submit the notarial power of attorney, the court decision, or any other form of evidence that will allow you to represent the company that will be the founder in the new company. If your company was established in Romania, the trade register will obtain this information automatically.

Aussi, si vous voulez mettre en place votre entreprise en ligne, vous aurez besoin de trouver un fournisseur de signature qualifié. Vous pouvez utiliser des fournisseurs traditionnels, tels que TransSped, CertSign, ou Namirial, ou des fournisseurs modernes, tels que ZealID, which also offer qualified signatures for free, valid for European union. At the moment, their application is still under development, but it seems that they have a functional prototype and can be used to save 100-200 lei that would otherwise be spent on a cloud signature or a token. The qualified signature will be used to sign documents, but also registration requests, and subsequently, it can be used to access government platforms (eg: ANAF).

Soumission des documents et établissement effectif

Les documents peuvent être soumis soit physiquement, au guichet, soit par la poste, soit par voie électronique (via la plateforme onrc.ro, ou par courrier électronique).

Si vous soumettez en ligne, les formulaires peuvent être complétés en ligne, et le processus devient beaucoup plus simple. La plateforme ONRC permet par la suite de voir le statut du dossier, et les réponses peuvent aussi être ajoutées en ligne (Ajout de mentions / complétion du dossier, depuis la plateforme)

Another alternative would be to use a platform like Incorpo.ro, which automates the process of generating all the documents, and issues, for you, a qualified signature. So, the establishment becomes fast and no longer requires effort on your part. After establishment, we can help you with accounting, but also with free consulting, for all clients of the platform, for a period of 3 years after establishment.