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Labor Laws and Workforce

Minimum Wages and Employee Benefits

When it comes to employee compensation in Romania, several key factors come into play. Here's a brief overview:

Currently, the minimum wage in Romania is
3,000 lei = 605 EUR

Minimum Salary

  • The minimum salary levels are determined by collective labor agreements.
  • The individual salary is negotiated between the employer and the employee.
  • For public authorities and state-financed institutions, the salary system is established by law, with input from trade union organizations.
  • The government sets the gross minimum basic salary per country, which is guaranteed in payment. This is done after consulting with trade unions and employers.

Salary Adjustments and Components

  • The minimum gross basic salary is adjusted periodically.
  • The salary comprises the basic pay, allowances, increments, and other additions.

Salary Payment

  • Salaries are paid at least once a month, either in cash or by bank transfer.
  • Payment in kind is possible if specified in the collective labor contract or individual employment contract.
  • Unjustified delay or non-payment of salary can result in damages paid by the employer.

Salary Deductions

  • Deductions from the salary are only allowed in certain cases and conditions specified by law.
  • Cumulative salary deductions cannot exceed half of the net salary each month.

Leave Benefits

  • Employees are entitled to a minimum of 20 working days of paid annual leave.
  • Additional leave may be granted for difficult, dangerous, or harmful conditions, as well as for special family events or caregiving responsibilities.
  • Fathers are entitled to paid paternity leave following the birth of a child.
  • Employees can request leave, with or without pay, for professional training purposes. The duration of the leave should be agreed upon with the employer.