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Nuclearelectrica: A Key Player in Romania's Energy Sector

Stefan-Lucian Deleanu


Nuclearelectrica: A Key Player in Romania's Energy Sector

Nuclearelectrica is a state-owned Romanian company that was established in 1998 under the Ministry of Energy's authority. It has since then grown to become a significant contributor to the country's electricity supply. In this article, we will explore the company's background, operations, and strategic objectives.

Company Background

The state owns 82.49% of Nuclearelectrica's shares, with the other shareholders holding 17.50%. The company was listed on the Bucharest Stock Exchange in 2013, making it one of the most valuable Romanian companies. Nuclearelectrica has three main fields of activity: electricity production, heat production, and nuclear fuel. The company coordinates investment-development works and human resources training in the sector.

Main Operations

Nuclearelectrica's main operation is the Cernavoda nuclear power plant. The plant consists of two reactors, each with an installed capacity of 700 MW. The plant is a major contributor to Romania's energy supply, providing approximately 20% of the country's energy needs.

The Cernavoda plant has been operational since 1996 and is a significant source of electricity for Romania due to its high installed capacity. The plant is also one of the most reliable in Europe, with an average annual availability factor of over 90%. This plant makes Nuclearelectrica one of Romania's most critical energy producers.

Strategic Objectives

Nuclearelectrica has several strategic objectives that guide its operations. The company aims to improve its production capacity, particularly in the nuclear and renewable energy sectors. Nuclearelectrica plans to expand its renewable energy capacity by developing wind farms and solar power plants.

Furthermore, the company aims to increase its share on the national market by developing new electricity generation facilities and refurbishing existing ones. One of the company's goals is to extend the lifespan of the Cernavoda plant beyond 2050, which is the current planned lifespan of the plant. The company is also exploring other options for nuclear power in Romania, such as small modular reactors (SMRs).

In conclusion, Nuclearelectrica is a significant contributor to Romania's energy sector, providing a substantial portion of the country's energy needs. The company's strategic objectives continue to put it on a path of growth and expansion in the nuclear and renewable energy sectors. Nuclearelectrica's commitment to improving its operations and increasing its share on the national market makes it one of Romania's most valuable companies.


  • Nuclearelectrica
  • Romania Insider
  • World Nuclear Association


The Importance of Human Resources at Nuclearelectrica

Nuclearelectrica recognizes that its personnel are its most valuable asset. In this section, we will delve into the company's approach to talent management and employee development.

A Talented, Multicultural Team

Nuclearelectrica has a highly qualified, global, and multicultural team of professionals. The company's team consists of individuals from various backgrounds and experiences, allowing for a diverse set of skills and knowledge. The diversity of the team enables the company to approach problems from various perspectives, improving the quality of decision-making and resulting in better outcomes.

Sustainable Value Through Talent and Hard Work

The company focuses on creating sustainable value through talent and hard work. Nuclearelectrica recognizes that its employees are the key to achieving success and generating value for the organization. The company invests in its employees to develop their skills, knowledge, and capabilities, which translates to increased productivity, job satisfaction, and retention rates.

The company also fosters a culture of continuous improvement through various training and development activities in the field. Employee training programs include on-the-job experience, formal training sessions, knowledge sharing sessions, and mentorship programs. These programs enable employees to acquire new knowledge, build new skills, exchange expertise with colleagues, and develop long-term strategic outlooks.

The Importance of Performance

The performance of each team member contributes to overall organizational success. Nuclearelectrica has a performance management system that aligns employee goals with organizational objectives. The company regularly monitors employee performance through reviews and feedback sessions to identify areas where employees require additional support or development.

The system enables employees to set objectives for their work that are aligned with the organization's goals. As a result, they can strive for excellence in their field. The system also helps identify potential challenges or issues before they become crises. This proactive approach helps the company maintain high standards of quality in its work, ensuring sustainable growth and future success.

Professional Opportunities

Nuclearelectrica offers various positions for professionals interested in joining their team. The company provides challenging opportunities for individuals looking to develop their careers and make a positive impact. The company is committed to providing an inclusive and diverse workplace where employees can thrive.

The company's career development approach includes exploring career paths, setting career goals, and providing opportunities for employees to build their skills, knowledge, and capabilities. With a focus on employee development and empowerment, Nuclearelectrica provides the foundation for a long-term career in a dynamic and challenging industry.


In conclusion, Nuclearelectrica recognizes that its personnel are its most valuable asset. The company's approach to talent management and employee development is centered around enabling employees to achieve success both professionally and personally. The company fosters a culture of continuous improvement through various training and development activities in the field. As a result, the company has been able to attract top talent from different backgrounds and maintain its position as an industry leader.


Nuclearelectrica's Partnership with Pluri Consultants Romania

In order to attract and retain top talent, Nuclearelectrica has entered into a strategic partnership with Pluri Consultants Romania. Let's take a closer look at this collaboration and its objectives.

Challenging Recruitment and Selection Project

Nuclearelectrica chose Pluri Consultants Romania for a challenging recruitment and selection project. The company's goal is to identify, attract, evaluate, qualify, and select highly specialized candidates for vacancies within the organization. Given the complex, multi-disciplinary nature of Nuclearelectrica's work, it is essential to find candidates who possess a combination of technical expertise, strong communication skills, and the ability to work well under pressure.

The recruitment and selection process is always a challenging task, particularly when it comes to hiring for high-skilled or specialized positions. Nuclearelectrica recognizes the importance of hiring the best talent in order to maintain its competitive edge. By partnering with Pluri Consultants Romania, the company can benefit from their expertise in this area.

Flexible and Versatile Recruitment Process

The partnership between Nuclearelectrica and Pluri Consultants Romania has a strong focus on developing, implementing, and operationalizing a complex, flexible, and versatile recruitment process. This approach is designed to ensure that candidates' profiles meet the psychoprofessional requirements for specific positions. The recruitment process will be tailored to meet Nuclearelectrica's specific needs while maintaining a focus on attracting top talent.

The recruitment process consists of several steps that include sourcing candidates, screening resumes, conducting initial interviews, administering personality tests and technical assessments, conducting further interviews with key personnel at Nuclearelectrica, and negotiating job offers. The goal is to create a well-rounded approach that ensures all candidates are evaluated thoroughly before receiving an offer.

Commitment to Building a Strong Team of Experts

The partnership between Nuclearelectrica and Pluri Consultants Romania demonstrates the company's commitment to building a strong team of experts. By partnering with a specialized recruitment firm, Nuclearelectrica can ensure that it is hiring the best talent available. This is particularly important in a competitive and rapidly-changing industry like nuclear energy.

Nuclearelectrica's commitment to building a strong team of experts is further underscored by the company's investment in employee training and development. The company offers a wide range of training programs for its employees, covering technical skills, leadership, and personal development. By investing in its people, Nuclearelectrica can ensure that it remains at the forefront of the nuclear energy industry.

In conclusion, the partnership between Nuclearelectrica and Pluri Consultants Romania is an important step towards building a stronger and more competitive organization. By focusing on developing a flexible and versatile recruitment process that attracts top talent, Nuclearelectrica can ensure that it has the right people in place to meet future challenges. This partnership also demonstrates the company's commitment to investing in its people and building a strong team of experts.


The Role of Nuclear Energy in Romania

Nuclear energy plays a significant part in Romania's energy mix. The country's energy needs are met by a combination of nuclear power, hydroelectricity, and thermal power. Nuclear energy contributes approximately 20% of the country's electricity generation. In this article, we'll discuss the importance of nuclear power in Romania, its role in the country's energy security, and how Nuclearelectrica contributes to this sector.

Consistent and Reliable Energy Source

Energy security is a critical consideration for any country, and Romania is no exception. Energy security refers to a reliable and consistent supply of energy that meets the country's needs at all times. Nuclear power provides a consistent and reliable source of energy that is not dependent on weather conditions or natural resources like coal, oil, or gas. Nuclear power plants can operate continuously for extended periods without any significant interruption or reduction in power supply.

Reduced Dependence on Imported Fossil Fuels

Nuclear power also contributes to energy security by reducing dependence on imported fossil fuels. Romania has a significant amount of coal reserves, but they are often of low quality and therefore not suitable for efficient combustion in thermal power plants. As a result, the country has to import large amounts of coal and other fossil fuels to meet its energy needs, which can be expensive and subject to supply chain disruptions. Nuclear power plants provide an alternative source of energy that is not reliant on imported fossil fuels.

Low Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Besides being a reliable source of energy, nuclear power plants are also much cleaner than fossil fuel-based power generation facilities. According to the Romanian National Energy Strategy 2018-2030, nuclear energy has low greenhouse gas emissions compared to other types of electricity generation. This means that nuclear power can play an essential role in achieving Romania's climate change goals by reducing its carbon footprint.

Key Component: Cernavoda Nuclear Power Plant

Cernavoda nuclear power plant is a key component of Romania's nuclear energy infrastructure. The plant has two nuclear reactors with a total output capacity of approximately 1400 MW. The nuclear power plant is the largest electricity generation facility in the country and contributes significantly to Romania's electricity generation mix. In 2019, Cernavoda nuclear power plant generated 11.1 TWh of electricity, accounting for approximately 17% of Romania's total electricity generation.

Nuclearelectrica's Operations

Nuclearelectrica is the state-owned company that operates Cernavoda nuclear power plant. The company has a direct impact on the country's energy landscape and plays a vital role in ensuring energy security and a reliable power supply. In addition to operating the nuclear power plant, Nuclearelectrica is also involved in other activities, including the production and distribution of heavy water, which is a crucial component in nuclear reactors.



In conclusion, nuclear power plays a crucial role in Romania's energy mix, providing a reliable and consistent source of energy that contributes to energy security and reduced dependence on imported fossil fuels. Nuclear power also has low greenhouse gas emissions compared to other types of electricity generation facilities. The Cernavoda nuclear power plant is a key component of Romania's nuclear infrastructure, and Nuclearelectrica plays an essential role in ensuring energy security and a reliable power supply in the country.


Challenges and Opportunities in the Nuclear Energy Sector

While nuclear energy offers numerous benefits, it also comes with its own set of challenges. In this section, we will discuss the main challenges and opportunities facing the nuclear energy sector and how Nuclearelectrica is navigating them.

One of the major concerns of nuclear energy is safety, both in terms of power generation and waste management. While nuclear power plants are designed to ensure safety, they can still pose risks, such as accidents or the release of radioactive materials. Additionally, the management of nuclear waste is a complex issue due to the potential long-term dangerous effects on human health and the environment.

Despite this, nuclear energy is still considered one of the safest forms of energy available. According to the World Nuclear Association, nuclear energy has one of the lowest levels of fatalities per unit of energy generated compared to other sources. Furthermore, modern nuclear power plants have better safety measures in place than older models.

To address concerns related to waste management, Nuclearelectrica has implemented a waste management system that safely stores high-level radioactive waste in a modern facility designed to meet the highest safety standards. The company ensures that spent fuel is safely stored in dry storage facilities on-site until it can be safely disposed of.

High Initial Investment Costs for Nuclear Power Plants

Another challenge facing the nuclear energy sector is high initial investment costs. Building a new nuclear power plant requires large amounts of capital investment upfront, which can be a barrier to entry for companies interested in entering this market.

However, investing in nuclear energy has benefits in terms of reliability and long-term financial security. While renewable energy sources like wind and solar are often touted as cheaper alternatives, they can also be less reliable due to fluctuations in weather patterns. Nuclear energy provides a reliable source of baseload power that can operate regardless of weather conditions.

Nuclearelectrica recognizes the high upfront investment costs of nuclear power plants and has implemented strategies to mitigate these costs. The company has explored various financing models, including public-private partnerships, to ensure that it can continue to provide safe and reliable nuclear energy.

Public Perception and Acceptance of Nuclear Energy

Public perception and acceptance of nuclear energy is another challenge facing the industry. While nuclear energy can provide reliable and low-emissions energy, some members of the public may associate nuclear power with negative events such as the Chernobyl and Fukushima disasters.

To address this issue, Nuclearelectrica is committed to transparency and open communication with the wider public. The company provides regular updates on its operations and safety measures, as well as engaging with local communities to address any concerns related to nuclear energy.

Furthermore, innovative solutions like small modular reactors (SMRs) may help alleviate public concerns related to nuclear energy. SMRs are smaller than traditional nuclear power plants and can be deployed in locations that may not be suitable for larger plants. Nuclearelectrica is exploring the potential for SMRs as a way to provide safe and reliable energy while addressing public concerns.

Potential for Innovation and Technological Advancements in the Sector

Despite the challenges facing the industry, there is also potential for innovation and technological advancements in the sector. Nuclear energy research continues to evolve, with new technologies being developed to increase efficiency and safety.

For example, advanced reactor designs like molten salt reactors (MSRs) have been proposed as a way to address some of the challenges facing traditional nuclear power plants. MSRs use a liquid fuel that allows for more efficient fuel use and eliminates the need for high-pressure vessels.

Nuclearelectrica is committed to exploring new technologies and innovations in the sector. The company has implemented a research and development program that focuses on improving efficiency while maintaining safety standards.

Nuclearelectrica's Commitment to Safe, Sustainable Operations and Continuous Improvement

Throughout its operations, Nuclearelectrica is committed to safe, sustainable operations and continuous improvement. The company has implemented a rigorous safety and quality management system that ensures safe and reliable operation of its nuclear power plants.

In addition to this, Nuclearelectrica is committed to sustainable operations. The company has implemented a carbon footprint management program that focuses on reducing its environmental impact. Nuclearelectrica also works to integrate renewable energy sources into its operations, including solar and wind power.

Overall, while there are challenges facing the nuclear energy sector, there are also opportunities for innovation and technological advancements. Nuclearelectrica is committed to navigating these challenges while maintaining a strong focus on safety, sustainability, and continuous improvement. Nuclear energy has the potential to provide reliable, low-emissions energy for years to come, and by addressing these challenges head-on, the industry can continue to thrive.


The Future of Nuclearelectrica and Romania's Energy Sector

As Romania continues to evolve its energy strategy, what is the outlook for Nuclearelectrica and the broader sector? In this final section, we will explore potential developments and trends shaping the future of Romania's energy landscape.

Diversifying Energy Mix and Reducing Import Reliance

Romania has long been dependent on imported fossil fuels to meet its energy needs, which has exposed the country to price fluctuations and supply disruptions. To reduce this dependence, Romania is working to diversify its energy mix by investing in renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power. In 2020, renewable energy accounted for about 30% of Romania's total electricity production, up from 24% in 2019.

Furthermore, the Romanian government has set ambitious targets to reduce carbon emissions through the use of renewable energy. According to a report by Balkan Green Energy News, the government aims to increase the share of renewable energy in the country's final consumption to 30.7% by 2030. The development of renewable energy sources will help Romania meet its climate change targets while also reducing reliance on imported fossil fuels.

Nuclear Energy as a Solution for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Nuclear energy is a low-carbon source of power that produces almost no greenhouse gas emissions. As Romania strives to reduce its carbon footprint and meet climate change targets, nuclear energy has become an important part of the country's energy mix.

According to World Nuclear Association, Romania currently has two operating nuclear reactors at Cernavoda power plant that generate around 20% of the country's electricity. There is potential for further expansion of nuclear power capacity in Romania, with plans for two new reactors at the Cernavoda plant.

Nuclearelectrica's Strategic Objectives and Future Growth Prospects

Nuclearelectrica is the state-owned company responsible for the operation of nuclear power plants in Romania. The company has implemented several initiatives to improve its operational efficiency, including the digitalization of operations and maintenance activities. Such measures have helped to increase reliability and reduce operational costs.

Notably, Nuclearelectrica has set several strategic objectives for the company's future growth, which include increasing generating capacity, expanding into new markets, and promoting sustainable operations. To achieve these objectives, Nuclearelectrica will continue to invest in modernization and innovation.

Commitment to Safety, Sustainability, and Innovation

In addition to growth objectives, Nuclearelectrica places a high priority on safety, sustainability, and innovation. The company has implemented rigorous safety protocols and procedures to ensure that its operations are conducted in a safe and secure manner. Furthermore, Nuclearelectrica is committed to promoting sustainable practices and reducing its carbon footprint through the use of renewable energy sources.

Nuclearelectrica is also investing in innovation to further advance its operations. The company has implemented a digitalization program that enables remote monitoring and control of plant equipment. This program has improved efficiency by reducing downtime and increasing reliability.

In conclusion, Romania's energy sector is undergoing significant changes as the country seeks to reduce reliance on imported fossil fuels and meet its climate change targets. Nuclear energy will continue to play a critical role in Romania's energy mix due to its low-carbon footprint. Nuclearelectrica's commitment to safety, sustainability, and innovation positions the company well for growth as it continues to improve operational efficiency and expand its generating capacity.